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5 Tips to Select a Fire Proof Gun Safe

In today's modern world, more and more people own guns. Besides avid hunters and gun collectors, more people are purchasing them for a security measure in their own home. But with children about, guns need to be kept secure. Not only should guns be kept secure from tragic accidents and unauthorized use, but they should also be kept safe from damage from such sources as fire, after all, they are an investment. A fire proof gun safe is essential for any gun owner. Here are five questions to ask yourself before purchasing a safe.

1. Besides guns, what else do I want to store in my fire proof gun safe?
First you have to consider what type of fire arms you have (hunting rifles, shotguns, pistols), how many, besides other items you want to store in your safe. This will first help determine what size safe you need. Also, many safe companies offer a wide variety of interiors, so you can practically design your own. You can have gun stands and multiple shelves (fixed or roll out drawers) in different configurations to accommodate a variety of items.

2. How much fire protection do I need?
Besides the safe's size and interior configuration, the amount of fire protection you want in your fire proof gun safe can also be affected by the items in the safe. Paper chars at about 400°F, but media (computer discs, DVD's, film negatives etc.) begins to melt at 140°F. So if you plan to store media in your safe along with important documents and guns, you will need a safe with a stronger fire protection. You will want a safe with a UL 125 rating, meaning that the internal temperature will not go above 125° F. If there is not media, but only your fire arms and paper, a UL 350 rating will work.

3. How many hours of fire protection do I need?
Fire proof gun safes are rated for half, one, two and three hours of burn time. The average home fire burns for 15 - 30 minutes before being brought under control by the fire department. So a 1 hour safe is adequate for most fires. But you should also consider your home's building material (flammability), the size of your home and the distance your home is located from a fire department. A large home located 10 miles from town and is nestled in the woods with a shingle roof, will burn longer and hotter than a brick home located in a local down town neighborhood.

4. Do I need a high security lock?
The answer to this question may be related to the perceived value of the items from others that may be put in your safe, or perhaps you live in a high crime area. A combination lock is usually standard on a safe, but there are other options. Here are some of the types of locks you may come across while researching the best fire proof guns safe for you:

  • Group 2 Combination Lock (standard)
  • Group 1 Combination Lock (manipulation proof)
  • Group 2 Combination Lock with Key Locking Dial
  • Key Locking Handle
  • Digital Combination Lock
A highly secure safe may be best, but may take longer to access. This could be bad if you need access to your guns quickly.

5. Where will the safe go in my home and will my floor support the safe?
A large safe is very heavy, so if your safe is not going on the first floor, you may want to consider having an engineer of home inspector come and make sure that your floor will support a heavy safe. You may be O.K., or you may need to purchase a smaller fire proof gun safe than you originally intended.

Though there are many other considerations when purchasing a fire proof gun safe, this is a small list to get you started when you begin shopping for the best form of security to keep your fire arms safe. Oh yea, and realize that no safe is actually fire proof - only fire resistant!


Taser Guns Pros and Cons

Keeping yourself safe in the world today is most peoples priority. With crime constantly on the rise, it is not hard to see why most people do not feel safe in their own neighborhoods. That is why many people look to self defense weapons to keep them safe.

Taser guns are one of the most effective self defense weapons available within the US. However, if you are planning on getting one then there are a number of factors which you should keep in mind. Owning a Taser gun can have its disadvantages as well as its advantages and it is important to be aware of both if you want to safely use the gun in the future.

Understanding Taser Guns

Taser guns work by shooting out two Taser probes that are roughly fifteen feet apart. They are electronically charged and so when they reach their target they give a sharp electrical shock that stuns the person. Usually they stun a person for up to 30 seconds which is not overly long, but it can make all the difference if you are being attacked.

The advantages to owning a Taser gun include that it can give you enough time to get safely away from your attacker. The voltage of the gun is quite high, but it does not injure the person. So whilst it is a good self defense weapon, it is perfectly legal because it will not harm your attacker. All it will do is leave them unable to move or do anything for a short period of time. That time is then enough for you to get away and contact the police. Another great advantage to a Taser gun is that even if the probes miss the target, as your attacker comes at you, you can place the actual gun against them and that will have the same effect. This is like a backup in case you need it.

So the advantages of using a Taser gun are obvious, but what about the downsides? There is a lot of controversy regarding the use of Taser guns and many people are understandable reluctant to use them. One reason Taser guns are avoided is because it is thought that in some people they could cause a heart attack. It is also possible for the guns to be used for the wrong reasons if the wrong people get their hands on them. For example, an attacker could use a Taser gun to stun their victim. Whilst this is not very common it can happen as there are no real regulations regarding owning a Taser gun within the United States.

Taser guns can be extremely effective in helping to keep you safe. However you should only use them when they are needed. It is not ok to use them just because somebody is getting on your nerves. That may sound obvious but there are some people who are tempted to use the guns when they are not needed. So just be aware of the consequences that the Taser gun may have before you go ahead and purchase one.


Modern Usages Of Camouflage Clothing

I've always found it rather ridiculous when people wear camouflage clothing in non-military settings. Kids sporting trendy "camo" gear don't seem to realize the irony of their apparel. Military camouflage clothing was created to allow soldiers to blend into their surroundings, thereby making them more difficult to see and harder to kill. In an urban setting, military clothes only serve to make the wearer more obvious, hence the irony. However, this incongruity has not stopped the modern fashion industry from using these camouflage patterns on pants, tops, hats, and just about every item of clothing worn by teenagers today.

The popularity of military patterns in civilian clothing may have begun with the advent of military surplus stores. These outlets, as the name implies, sell excess military goods to the public, and these goods include clothing. Military-issue clothing became increasingly popular in the 1960s, when many civilians wore such garments in protest of the Vietnam War. Some protestors obtained their uniforms through official channels (i.e., it was issued to them upon recruitment), but others purchased theirs at military surplus stores. Even after the war and the protests were over, military clothing remained popular with many people, and this popularity gradually became focused on these disguising patterns.

Since the 1960s, it has become a legitimate fashion trend. Army-wear has been recreated in an astonishing array of patterns and colors, ranging from the traditional olive tones to shocking hues of blue and pink. Couture designers such as Christian Dior, Louis Vuitton, Dolce & Gabbana, Chanel and Yves Saint-Laurent have incorporated the pattern into their clothing. These type of garments are often bold and trendy, designed to draw attention, and they are worn both in the streets and on the runways.

Of course, not all civilian use of these type of clothes is so far from the original clothing's original application. Hunters have a long tradition of using clothing that hides them. It is useful to them for the same reason it is useful to soldiers-it makes them difficult to see, and a hunter who is difficult to discern is more likely to be successful.

However, there is still a bit of irony attached to the use of these clothes. Because the clothing makes hunters so difficult to see, it also increases their chances of being mistaken for an animal and being shot by a fellow hunter. As a result, many hunters have taken to wearing bright orange hunting vests over their jaskets in order to avoid such a fatal mistake. In looking at a hunter wearing such a getup, it is impossible not to note the paradox created by his clothing.

The most recent civilian application of this clothing is its use in paintball. This game was first created in the 1970s, but it did not become popular until the late 1990s. Since then, numerous paint ball stores and commercial parks have sprung up. Some parks offer a fairly surreal experience, using bright colors and themed surroundings. Others, however, permit players to utilize real environments such as woods and deserts. In such situations, clothing with gray and green leaf patterns is very popular. A paintball player wearing this pattern is much more difficult to target. It is interesting to note that in the popularity of these type of clothes in paintball, the use of such clothing has essentially come full circle.


Blackfeet Nations Influence on Functional Art

Throughout its long rich history, the Blackfeet Indians have endured one grueling struggle after another. The Blackfeet have survived war, disease, famine, pollution, attempts at social reengineering, and countless other attacks against their way of life.

Since the beginning, the Blackfeet have passed their traditions, heritage, customs, art, dances, and stories down through the generations. They've held onto certain beliefs about culture, about religion, and about their way of life.

But now, even though the Blackfeet Nation is on the cusp of making one of its biggest comebacks ever, the tribe may be facing its biggest battle of all: The fight to be Indians and to remain Indians.

Preserving Native American heritage

Natural Artist Dean Grommet understands that fight. He, too, harkens back to the days when animals and people roamed freely across the land. Little by little, Dean has seen the unrestrained ways of his youth disappear forever. He sees this happening not only in the land surrounding the Blackfeet Nation, but across the entire nation and elsewhere around the globe.

Protecting the heritage of the Blackfeet, who author George Catlin suggested was the most powerful Indian tribe on the continent, is just one of the reasons Dean has chosen to offer his financial support to the Blackfeet Nation.

Today the Blackfeet Reservation in Blackfeet Country sits on 3,000 square miles in the state of Montana. The reservation is home to approximately 10,000 people, mostly of Blackfeet descent. No longer warriors and hunters, today's Blackfeet are doctors, lawyers, teachers and other professionals committed to preserving the Blackfeet way of life.

Borrowing from nature

Another reason for Dean's support is a belief he shares the Blackfeet. The belief is actually held by all Native Americans and is one of their most basic beliefs. That belief is making use of what's available in the natural environment.

And that is exactly what Dean Grommet does. His use of what's available in the natural environment is evident in every piece of functional artwork he creates. One of Dan's favorite elements to work with is antlers. What others would leave to turn into dust, Dan gathers and uses to create bases for one-of-a-kind tables and mirror frames, chairs, sofas, and elegant wall sconces.

Other natural elements Dean incorporates into his artwork include bone, wood, metal, rock, leather, rawhide, vines, elk burs, and feathers. He even collects war clubs and uses them to create dramatic chandeliers. War clubs are also a common theme in Dan's metal and ironwork.

Dean's ability to capture the true spirit and essence of the Blackfeet Nation as well as all Native Americans is a skill that sets him apart from other modern-day artists. Any of his functional art would look right at home whether inside a Native American tepee on a rolling prairie or a massive log cabin mansion straddling the side of a mountain.

Dean Grommet of Creations Studio and his Antler Art Furniture is scheduled and Participating at several different Art shows this coming year. The first of which is the Summer Art Social presented by the Whitefish Community Foundation and co sponsored by the Iron Horse Foundation and Iron Horse Golf club also in Whitefish Montana.


Indian Tribes of Montana - A Proud Heritage

The first people to inhabit the area now known as Montana were members of nomadic tribes that supple-mented their diets with native plants and sustained their existence by hunting buffalo and other mammals. Following the buffalo herds, these first people crossed the Bering Strait from Asia approximately 12,000 years ago and over time migrated southward. Archaeologists have verified evidence of a thriving tribal culture established west of the Rocky Mountains more than 9,000 years ago.

Before the white man came west, Indian people roamed freely across this great land, following the gigantic buffalo herds that once covered the plains. For hundreds of years the native peoples relied on the buffalo for food, clothing and shelter. The bison was revered among the Indian Tribes as a bountiful gift from the Creator and were thus hunted with reverence and respect.

The area now known as Montana was inhabited by two major groups of Indian tribes. The Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Crow, Assiniboine, Atsina and Arapaho tribes lived on the south and eastern grassy plains. The rugged western mountains were the home of the Shoshone, Bannack, Kalispell, Flathead and Kootenai tribes. The Dakota, Sioux and the Nez Perce tribes entered Montana at times to hunt and dispatch war parties, but were not permanent residents of the State.

With the arrival of the Lewis and Clark Expedition in the first decade of the 19th century, the traditional way of life of Montana Indians became increasingly threatened. By the mid-1880's, the federal government began to deal formally with the tribes, entering into treaties that assigned tribes to certain designated areas and obligated them to respect the land boundaries of their neighbors. However, the mining "booms" of the 1860's fractured these fragile arrangements as miners rushed into the lucrative gold fields that often lay adjacent to or within the designated tribal lands. These new "settlers" demanded federal protection, thus beginning the garrisoning of Montana and the eventual forced relocation of the tribes to smaller and smaller reservations.

The combination of "tribal" and "nation" best encapsulates essential aspects of both the historical and contemporary identity of Indian communities in Montana. There are nine principal tribal groups living on seven reservations in Montana. Three of the reservations are inhabited by more than one tribal group.

The Confederated Salish, Pend d'Oreille and Kootenai share the Flathead Reservation; the Gros Ventre and Assiniboine co-habit the Fort Belknap Reservation; and the Assiniboine and Sioux both reside on the Fort Peck Reservation. In each of these cases, the reservation population consists of diverse fragments of larger tribal nations. For example, there are 33 bands of Assiniboine Indians, two of which are represented on the Fort Peck Reservation, where each of the seven primary bands of the Sioux nation are also represented.

The Rocky Boy's Reservation was originally inhabited by members of the Chippewa and Cree Tribes. However, because of extensive inter-marriage over the generations, the tribal rolls now list members only as "Chippewa Crees". In 1935, the Chippewa Crees adopted a tribal constitution for the "Chippewa Cree Tribe", officially recognizing the coming together of the two tribes into one.

Montana is also home to the Little Shell Band of Chippewa, often referred to as "Landless Indians". Although a distinct tribal group, the Little Shell are not yet a federally recognized tribe.

Tribal nations are distinctive in several respects. They are based primarily, although not exclusively, on ethnic heritage and are racially distinct from other minority groups in Montana and the United States. Most important from a legislative standpoint, tribal nations have a unique status in the American federal system. American Indians are not just an ethnic minority; they are also respected members of quasi-sovereign tribal nations. The Indian nations of Montana are governed by tribal governments that are legally empowered to determine who is and is not a member of that nation. Each of the tribal governments in Montana has established its own criteria for enrollment, with some requiring higher blood quantum levels than others.

The tumultuous history of the Indian tribes in Montana is characterized by years of violent warfare and constant movement. They traveled the plains to follow the buffalo and the many tribes battled for control of prime hunting grounds. Finally, with the bison near extinction and tribes decimated by disease and battles with white settlers, there came a final move onto reservations, marking the sad end of a proud and noble era.

Indian Population

According to 2007 figures from the US census, Montana has a population of approximately 957,800 people, the Indian Population of Montana was approximately 6.4 percent of the total population of the state.

The census reports information for American Indian areas that includes all American Indian reservations, off-reservation trust lands, and other tribal-designated statistical areas. Montana has seven Indian areas. The Indian population ranges from 24% of the total population in the Flathead area to 95% in the Rocky Boy's area.

Although the Indian population in Montana is highly concentrated in a few counties, Native Americans live in all 56 counties of the state, ranging from a small percentage of less than 1% in 19 counties to 10% of the population in 29 counties. There are eight counties in which Indians compose 11% to 56% of the total population.

Each Montana Indian tribe has unique customs and cultural traditions. The state's Indian tribes have endeavored to adapt and adjust to the ever changing world around them; however, they have retained the traditions and tribal mandates of their proud past. In celebrating through language, dance, songs and sacred religious ceremonies the special connection they feel with nature, our native tribes richly contribute to the distinct flavor of Montana.


Wordpress: A good CMS for content driven websites

Wordpress is a PHP and MySQL based free and open source blogging tool and a content management system (CMS). Because of its well-designed back end and wide availability of excellent themes, Wordpress is the first choice amongst the designers. Over 60 million websites worldwide are powered by Wordpress and is undoubtedly the most popular blogging tool on the web. It is easy to use and simple to setup. Storing content in a database is an awesome advantage of Wordpress. According to W3Techs, almost 55% of the 1 million most visited websites that are run on a content management system (CMS) are run on Wordpress.

The Power behind Wordpress CMS?

In contrast to Joomla and Drupal, Wordpress CMS was designed to solve a problem. It had a target audience (bloggers) and was pretty much successful for developers from day one. Wordpress is an amazing blogging software and a lot of bloggers use Wordpress. It began as an innovative and easy-to-use blogging platform. With ever-increasing themes, plug-ins and widgets, WordPress CMS started to get widely used for other website formats also.

Wordpress undeniably is a user friendly CMS with a little help of a couple of plug-ins. Adding new pages and to order them, even for a non technical person, is the blinking feature of Wordpress. Installation and configuration is very fast with Wordpress. When there is need for an extra functionality, you can easily search the plug-in database and most of them are free, easy and simple to setup. Also, Wordpress CMS platform is easily scalable and upgradable to higher version of software whenever available.

As it is developed as a tool to create content, Sites built on Wordpress has good indexes. Wordpress is the perfect tool for building dynamic websites and you're done by just installing, configuring, adding the right plug-ins, adding theme and writing content. From a developer's perspective it is incredibly extensible and for the end user it is very easy.

We can easily post descriptions and blogs using WYSIWYG in Wordpress. We need to add a title by formatting the text with the desired font/tag, select category and publish. And we're done. Wordpress is the King in terms of extensibility as there are Woo Themes, Theme Forest that provide great extensions.

It is ideal for fairly simple web sites, such as blogging and news sites; and for an easy-to-manage site. And the add-ons make it easy to expand the functionality of the site.

WordPress Vs Joomla Vs Drupal - Which CMS should be your choice?

Generally the choice of a Content Management System (CMS) mainly depends on the typical needs that need to be fulfilled in a website. Different CMS platforms handle content management in a different way. Some of the popular CMS platforms like Joomla have huge number of plug-ins contributed by the open source community which makes it quite suitable for businesses to host their informative websites. There are a lot of collaborative features like Event Calendar, News Letter Management that come handy within Joomla that makes it easy to extend.

However if the websites are mainly content driven and needs easy content management then WordPress probably will be most preferred choice as it is theme, template driven and a whole lot of customization can be simply made possible using Widgets and Plug-ins. Normally blogging websites (where posting and management of posts should be made easier for the users), publishing websites (where lot of content is driven on a regular basis by different users). In case your website also needs to be highly secured apart from managing content then probably Drupal should be your preferred choice as Drupal handles User Management, Role Management and access management very well.

Based on Google Insight, Wordpress is the winner as it has been one of the favorite CMS of Developers, Designers, and Business Owners. The important thing here is that the job of content management systems is to perform a job which is to manage content. Wordpress does this very well and more often than Joomla and Drupal. Wordpress undoubtedly runs more websites than any of its competitors.


Best Solution to Develop Blogs and Websites - WordPress Development

The most sought after solution in this competitive technology world is WordPress development solutions. Being an open-source solution, WordPress allows people to develop professional websites and create highly customizable blogs. This is not it, WordPress CMS development allows you to create a content rich, feature rich and attractive website that will enable you to have complete control over your website or blog content. Moreover, with WordPress that will help you in getting a custom made WordPress website or blog, you can lead your business to the success phase.

Let us have a look on the amazing points that make WordPress Development the most sought after solution.

WordPress is an open-source software which makes it freely available for the users. The only cost that it involves is on the WordPress blog development, which means one only needs to pay for hiring a reliable and reputed WordPress development company to fulfill his/her online business requirements. For those who have sufficient knowledge about WordPress or are WordPress experts can easily create advanced blogs and websites according to their WordPress CMS structure.

WordPress Theme Integration Services is one easy way of getting an attractive and completely professional website from a professional WordPress CMS Development Service Provider at affordable prices. We all know, WordPress framework supports a lot of themes , templates, etc and with WordPress Blog Integration Services you can put a powerful WordPress blog to your website as well.

One of the most exciting parts of WordPress development is WordPress Plug-in development, which allows you to install robust plugins to your site and adds amazing new features to your WordPress blog or website. This is not the end, WordPress plugin integration also enables you to improve search engine rankings, remove spams, monitor traffic, add podcasts, galleries, permalinks, videos and a lot more.

Another benefit of opting for WordPress development is that with WordPress development you get WordPress maintenance services along with it and that too at an affordable rate. WordPress Theme Maintenance, WordPress blog Maintenance are some of the solutions that are important to make your blog or website run smoothly and without any hassle.

In this competitive world, if you want to remain a step ahead of your competitors then you need to have WordPress Integration Services. Apart from this, WordPress forum integration is something that will enable you to add powerful forum softwares in your website or blog like BBPress.

If you already have a theme in your site or blog, then a reliable WordPress development company can provide you with amazing WordPress theme integration services as well. Above mentioned are some key points that make WordPress development the most sought after solution.


How a Professional Web Design Helps to Build Trust

The key to a successful online business is building customer trust. Establishing trust in the virtual world can be a difficult task because there are so many websites competing for visitors. One important method of building trust is to create a professional web design.

A business website allows you to be available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, so that you are able to interact with millions of potential customers from around the world. A professional website design tells a visitor that a business is secure, credible, and provides quality goods and services. A key component of internet marketing is to create a trust building website. A professional website design should be business appropriate, well thought-out and implemented, and focused on the visitor.

To build visitor trust, a web design should utilize the following tools:

Content: A professional website should contain educational and informative articles that are relevant to the businesses vision. The articles should also be professionally written that do not contain errors.

Search Engine Rankings: Your website design should be search engine friendly so that it will achieve a high ranking. Make sure you have the appropriate key words, minimal pictures, links, appropriate domain name, a Blog, chat room, the business address, logo, and a contact email and address.

Privacy: Include a privacy policy that is clearly located on the website. Never disclose email addresses to 3rd party companies.

Email marketing: Provide your targeted audience with an "opt out" tool for your email marketing campaigns.

Encourage Visitor Interaction: Provide tools to allow your visitors to interact with the site. This can include webinars, discussion forums, surveys, comment section, polls, and contests.

Showcase Your Company: Include your company's history, mission, vision, and other important background information. Make sure you have a list of client testimonials. Display pictures of your business that includes both the interior and exterior. You can even include pictures of your employees working such as in a meeting or at their desk.

Create a Blog: Add a Blog to your site which will allow you to keep your visitors up-to-date about new products, services, upcoming events, special announcements, and positive news about the company.

Hire a Professional Design Company: Website design companies know the "ins" and "outs" of creating a professional website. They will help determine your needs and your visitors' needs, and then design a website that is professional and user-friendly.
Show that User Personal and Financial Information is Safe: Make sure that your visitors know that their payment transactions are safe. Secure Electronic Transaction (SET) uses digital certificates and encryption to perform a series of security checks verifying that the identity of a customer or sender of information is valid. Consider acquiring a trustmark.

Today, having a website is a must for every business. In recent years, web designs have undergone many changes. They have now become more interactive and a place to share information. No matter the size of a business, if you design a website that focuses on building trust, you will drastically increase the number of visitors that will become loyal customers.


Navajo Jewelry - Popular Types Of Navajo Jewelry

Navajo jewelry comes in various exquisite designs like historical figures, nature symbols and animals. It reflects the raw energy of Native Americans and their way of living. It is a beautiful artwork that imparts Navajo's unique history and culture.

Navajo jewelry refers to the Native American jewelry which originated from a Native American tribe, the Navajo or Dine of the Southwestern United States. Navajo is the second largest Native American tribe of Northern America. In 1864, the Navajos were introduced to silversmithing or making objects in solid silver. This happened when they were held captive at Fort Summer in eastern New Mexico.

Atsidi Sani is the first Navajo silversmith who learned this trade in 1864 while they were captives. Sani became a skilled silversmith and imparted this knowledge to his four sons. His early silver works were bracelets, conchas and a variety of other jewelry pieces. Blacksmithing became Sani's main focus when he learned the skill from Nakai Tsosi, a Mexican. Between 1850-1865, he became the "most important iron smith".

Tommy Singer, a son of a silversmith and a member of the Navajo tribe from Winslow, Arizona is another well-known silversmith who also specializes in Navajo jewelry. His crafts include Navajo jewelry designed with turquoise, coral and silver pieces. He perfected his designs in a small studio in the Navajo reservation where he lived with his family and other tribal members. The designs he made convey meaning of the Navajo way of living. Tommy singer gained acclaim as the originator of the chip inlay design which he developed in the 1970s.

By 1880 Navajo silversmiths were creating handmade jewelry. The first Navajo handmade jewelries were bracelets, buckles, earrings, tobacco flasks, hair ornaments and pins, necklaces and bow guards. A common feature of the handmade Navajo jewelry is beads. The amount of beads on the jewelry represents wealth, status and authority.

The Heishi beads and the Wampun beads are two important beads that's been a part of the Native American culture.

Wampum beads

The Wampun beads were said to be the earliest forms of beads. They are referred to as traditional, sacred shell beads of Native Americans. The first Wampun beads were made of shells and later gemstones. Sometimes, coins were used as Wampun beads. However, they were made from different materials including white shells fashioned from the North Atlantic channeled whelk shell. The second one is from the white and purple heads made from the quahog or Western North Atlantic hard shelled clam.

Wampun beads were later used for trading between tribes but were initially used as a gift. These beads have a variety of colors which has different meanings. In Native American culture, these beads contributed so much. In several aspects of Indian life like curing ceremonies and marriages, Wampun beads are always involve.

Wampum beads were not just adornments for Native Americans. These pieces influenced jewelry, religious functions, social, financial and sometimes even political purposes. The Native Americans used woven belts of wampum to commemorate treaties or historical events. For protection and beauty, they inlaid their weapons and clothes with Wampun.

Heishi beads

Heishi beads are small tubes or disc shaped beads made of organic shells or polished and grounded stones. Heishi (pronounced "hee shee") means a "shell necklace". It originated from Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mexico. It is the oldest form of jewelry in New Mexico.

The known master of heishi beads were the Indians of Santo Domingo Pueblo. These people were most skilled in making this creative and beautiful jewelry form. However, 30,000 years ago in Northern America, the same technique was already been in use.

Heishi are usually made to form a string which can take 2 days to 2 weeks to make. Popular Heishi strings are those that are made or turquoise, corals, carnelias and lapis. A Heishi string looks like a snake but feels very smooth.

Naja Sets

Aside from Wampum and Heishi beads, there are other popular types of Navajo jewelry. There is the Naja, which is a crescent shape with designs of bears, snakes or other floral designs. The Naja was believed to have been borrowed from the Spaniards. Naja sets were made of metal, beads, coins, or silver.

Squash Blossom Necklace

Squash blossom necklace is an adaptation of the Naja set. These necklaces can have turquoise, shell and other intricate inlay and overlay work. Like the Naja sets, Squash blossom necklaces are designed with sacred and lucky animals.

Bracelets and bangles, belts, earrings, rings and Kitohs or wristbands are some of the other forms of Navajo jewelry. The Navajo jewelry reflects the raw energy of the Native Americans from the bold overlay and inlay works displayed.

In Navajo jewelry, unlimited pieces can be worn by both men and women which is an advantage. Navajo jewelry is rich in history, which differs from the region where it was made. It is desired for its diversity, aside from its rich history.

Find the best Navajo jewelry at reasonable prices here at navajo-jewelrydiscount.com. Discounts are also offered on our selected Navajo jewelry available on eBay and Amazon. Beautiful Navajo jewelry is truly a work of art. We offer various styles of Navajo jewelry that are suitable for different outfits.


The Benefits Of Air Purifiers For Pet Owners

The majority of people in the West have a pet: a cat, a dog, a hamster, a rabbit or a budgie. They are good company and doctors believe that having a pet lowers stress and stress is the biggest killer in the West. Having a pet helps you live longer. It is a real shame then that some people develop allergies to their pets.

If you or someone in your immediate family has developed an allergy to a family pet, it can be a tricky problem to solve. Particularly if you have young children. Young children become close to pets very quickly, so the obvious answer to the problem - getting rid of it - is not always an alternative. If this is your quandary, help is at hand.

You see, the allergens - the particles that cause allergies - are almost always airborne. The allergens come from tiny pieces of dry skin, hairs, feathers and dry faeces floating on the air and entering your nose while you are breathing. It is quite logical then that if you can remove these substances from the air that you breathe, you will decrease the severity of or even completely eradicate your allergy.

Therefore, you more severe hygiene routines could reduce your predicament. Wash, comb or brush your pet more frequently and clean out their cages or baskets more regularly. This could work, but it probably will not work completely. This is because these particles are being shed by the second, just as every human being sheds tiny pieces of skin every second too. You have to stop these particles becoming part of your inhalation of breath.

What you actually require is an air purifier. Almost all air purifiers will remove pets' detritus from the air, but be aware that not all air purifiers are the same. Most of the good air purifiers are quite specialist items. Some will eradicate smoke more efficiently, while others will trap airborne mold and mildew more effectively. Therefore, you have to check the capabilities of any air purifier you fancy before you buy it.

Portable air purifiers can normally only deal with a small volume of air at a time, so they will only cleanse a small room. This is all right if you live in a bedsitter, a caravan or a trailer or are camping out in a tent. If, however, you live in a house or apartment, you should try to invest in a whole house air conditioner. As the term says, this will clean all the air in your whole house at the same time, which is far better than cleaning just one room.

The problem with less powerful, portable air conditioners is that as soon as someone opens the door, you are back to where you started, whereas a whole house air purifier means that you can walk around the house and go about your daily routines as normal.


Acne, How to Cure of Acne Problems

Acne is common skin disorder which resulting from hormones on the skin's sebaceous glands. The best treatment is the one that cures the condition. Acne infection is also an injury that needs repair and body sends white blood cells and other molecules that fight the infection and repair the infected site. Acne gives the combination of symptoms like greasy skin, white heads, black heads, pimples, inflammation and scar formation. Acne can also be caused by eating habits, containg too much fat, too much sugar or the wrong kind of fat may cause acne. Poor digestion, washing and use of strong soaps aggravate acne.

Some Factors which can cause Acne,
- Stress
- Some contraceptive agents
- Environmental or domestic pollution.
- Humid environments.
- Some antidepressants.
- Use of some types of greasy cosmetic products.
- Some antiperspirant products.
- Exposing the skin for chlorine or other halogens, or medicines containing halogens.
- Women may get aggravated acne 2-7 days before menstruation.

Some Advice to prevent from Acne

Advice about Diet

- Do not consume a great amount of fat.
- The fat you add to the food should be natural oils. Olive oil is ideal, but use other types of oils too, like walnut oil, sunflower oil and soy oil. However, do not use only soy oil as many tend to do. Using only soy oil will give you too much of some fatty acids and too less of others.
- Eat much fish, seafood and not so much meat.
- Eat food with a high fiber content to regulate the digestion, like vegetables, whole cereals, full corn bread and fruit.

Avoid certain things

Do not use greasy or heavy cosmetics that clog your skin and are difficult to wash away.
- Do not use strong irritating antiperspirants.
- Do not wash with strong soap or cleaners that dry up your skin and take away all the natural oily protection in your skin.
- If you perform body-building, do not use anabolic steroids or other hormonal supplements.
- Use clothes that allow air to reach your body surface to avoid collection of humidity and overheating of your skin.

Natural Process or homemade treatment to cure acne

Grind nutmeg (jaiphal) with unboiled milk and apply on affected area. This works as a magic. Pimples should disappear without leaving a mark.

Apply a mixture of 1 teaspoon lemon juice and 1 teaspoon cinnamon powder.

Make orange peel paste by grinding it in some water. Apply on and around pimples

Mix groundnut oil with an equal amtount of fresh lime juice and apply on face. leave for 10-15 minutes and wash. It may be applied daily to prevent formation of blackheads and pimples.

Make a paste of sandalwood with rose water. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water.

Make a paste of neem leaves with turmeric powder. Apply on affected area. Wash it off after 20-30 minutes with lukewarm water


Dry Body Oil Spray: Unique Gifting Option

Dry oil spray is a wonderful, non-messy, effective alternative to traditional lotions and perfumes. It makes a great gift idea for those looking for soft silky skin.

Some of the most common gift ideas for women are bath products in all types, shapes, colors, and sizes. If you are looking for a good gift, don't buy that prepackaged bath essentials gift bag. Give her something unique that will still let her pamper herself. Take a look at getting her a great dry body oil spray.

Dry body oil spray is essentially a lotion that you simply spray on your skin. It's a great alternative to regular lotion because it often doubles as a skin moisturizer and a perfume.
This is a result of one of its key ingredients: Cyclomethicone. It is the component that leaves your skin feeling soft and silky after you apply the dry oil spray. Cyclomethicone is a versatile substance consisting of unmodified silicone. The structure of the molecules is more like a circle rather than a chain of other silicones. Also the molecules cannot be absorbed past the upper living skin cells because they are too big. Instead the dry body oil spray attached to the top layer of the skin, helps the mixed-in fragrance or moisturizer stick on to the skin such that they can be absorbed and "do their thing."

Most dry body oil sprays contain several other natural botanicals like jojoba oil, shea butter oil, and vitamin E. These and others can add to the health of your skin by providing ultraviolet light protection and thereby avoiding damaging sunburns.

And don't worry - using dry oil sprays is a piece of cake. Just point and shoot. Spray the oil over any body area from your head to toe. If you are going to use it on your face, be sure to take precautions such that it doesn't get in your eyes. It is not that versatile of a substance!

In fact, you really shouldn't spray it on your face at all. Just spray the dry oil on your hands and then rub it onto your facial skin until it feels soft and silky. After it dries a little you can apply makeup. The spray can help any foundation, powder, and eye shadow last longer on the skin.

You may find that you get the best results when you apply the dry body oil spray right after bathing or showering. Just spray on a thin layer and allow the remaining water on your body to lock in the added moisture for longer coverage.

And a bonus feature of a good dry oil spray is that it can also be used to soften and moisturize your hair! Because of Cyclomethicone, dry oil sprays can penetrate the hair shafts and bring in elements that will give hair that desired shine and soft feel. You can apply it to wet or dry hair with great results.

After reading about all the great benefits of a dry body oil spray, you may not only want to give it as a gift but also would like to purchase some for yourself! No matter the person you are planning to gift, dry body oil spray is surely a unique present


Choosing The Best Anti-Aging Skin Creams Is Not As Tough As It Seems

Inform me, does this describe you? You find it tough to choose the very best anti-getting old pores and skin creams. With thousands and thousands of anti aging formulas available in the market, how do you narrow down to one of the best product? This article will reveal the assorted components that it is advisable search for to have the opportunity determine the very best anti-getting old creams.

First, the best anti aging agents have supporting clinical data concerning their various ingredients. The ingredients should have tangible clinical evidence supporting their safety and efficacy. So, when you look for the top formula, always ensure the various ingredients have undergone clinical evaluation on human volunteers.

Discover out if the components have been examined to determine their synergy and compatibility with others that make the formula. As well as, best anti-aging skin lotions comprise antioxidants that induce therapeutic and adjustments within the cells. Ultraviolet rays from the sun in addition to environmental pollutants normally expose the skin to free radicals.

Free radicals eat away the deepest part of the pores and skin making it thinner ensuing to wrinkles and fine lines. Antioxidants are able to preventing free radical formation, shielding the dermis from any effects of extreme weather or environmental pollution. These antioxidants are available as nutritional vitamins and plant extracts.

Applying vitamin-enriched products is one of the most effective ways of reaping the benefits of the antioxidants. When you want to narrow down your list to choose the best anti-aging skin creams, check for those that contain these natural antioxidants that will repair the aging effects from inside out. Third, the best products contain no harmful substances.

Finally, the best anti-aging skin creams will always have positive comments and feedback from other users. Consumers, who are satisfied with a product, will always post either a great testimonial or an opinion about the product. Check the consumer reviews of the product and you will be able to pick more about the anti aging formula. Find out from the reviews if the users have experienced any adverse effects.


Choosing The Right Toys

With so many toys and games on the market, it can be confusing which ones are the best for your children. While you want your children to have fun when playing with their toys, you also want them to play with toys that teach as well. Common educational toys include books, board games, and certain computer games. Choose educational toys that also look fun. These games usually include fun characters and incorporate story-telling along with challenges and tests that children need to pass in order to advance. Buy toys that are age appropriate so your children will be able to get the most out of them. Helping them play these games is a fun activity.

As technology continues to advance, web sites like etoys, now sell video games for children. When choosing video games, it is important to read reviews so you can buy games that suit your child's education and emotional levels. Etoys sells a wide variety of video games for Playstation, Xbox, GameCube, and other gaming systems. Read reviews online so you can purchase games your children will enjoy. Along with these hot toys, you will also be able to find children's dvds.

Along with learning toys, etoys offers other types of kids toys including outdoor toys, baby toys, arts and crafts, and plug'n'play games. You will be able to shop for your children and other children quickly and easily. Online toys can be returned if you are not satisfied with them. Regardless of whether you are shopping for Christmas toys, or birthday toys, finding toys online will save you time and money.

Toys are a great way to help children develop their imagination and creativity. Girls toys include chdolls, books, electronic games, and computer games that can help them learn while they play. Most girls enjoy playing with their dolls or drawing pictures that you can hang on the refrigerator. Boys toys are also available that include remote control toys, robot toys, and computer games. Other toys include baseball bats, balls, action figures, and video games.

Before you buy toys for your children, you should find out their interests. This is important as they age because they will develop preferences and play with certain toys more than others. Before spending a lot of money on toys, ask your children when they are interested in and what they would like for their birthday or the holidays. If your child likes to play with robotic toys, then look into buying a roboraptor or other type of robotic toy.

Even if your children don't ask for developmental toys, you should still consider buying a few. Once children begin playing with their new toys, they won't be able to tell the difference between entertaining toys and developmental toys. Kids toys should be inspected daily to prevent injury to themselves or others.


The Wonder of Educational Toys to Your Child's Abilities and Personality

One of the main activities that a child can do during his or her younger years is play. Play enables the child to develop psychomotor skills that are expected for a certain age. When the child gets older, parents will see a big difference with the child's gross motor and fine motor skills and most especially the cognitive ability of the child. Children must be given the proper toys to nurture not only their physical well being but as well as their young minds.

Educational toys can help mold your child's intellectual quotient (I.Q.) by just playing. Parents may not notice but the wonder of educational to your child's abilities can make a big difference later on his life.

As a parent, you cannot predict what your child's level of mental ability or social skill will be when he gets older nor dictate the attributes you want him to be. The only thing that you can do is to provide the guidance and all their needs in order for them to discover things and build their skills in a good way.

During playing a child can discover new things, learn new skills and acquire knowledge about his or her outside world and the people around him. Educational toys on the other hand, facilitate cognition development with simple ideas of play such a recall and recognition. If children are given a toy which hones their minds, it will pave a more intellectually inclined perception of your kid on things. What we provide our children greatly affects their development. Thus, parents must always give a little extra effort in defining what toys to give in accordance to the child's age and gender.

Educational toys can help mold your child's personality and even values. Toys like monopoly, scrabble and other board games for an instance introduce your kid to real life when they are ready to assume the roles and responsibilities of adults. Through these educational toys, children can discover their abilities on how to negotiate value property and even acquire new words that are used by adults in real life situations. Role play toys like nurses, doctors, pilots or even super hero costumes can provide your child an avenue to explore their own perception on these types of professions and characters. By then, parents can see their child's potentials.

Kids would really appreciate toys and these are very indispensable during your child's play. When you allow your kids to play with a wide variety of educational toys at hand, you will see how your child can develop his or her own way of using their imagination and creativity. Through these types of toys, your child can discover many ways on how to work with different objects and learn how to create their very own interesting idea.

Parents must provide the unrelenting guidance from birth until their kids grow older. You must also show your kids the best form of example in the way you deal with people, things and situations. A parent can buy an educational toy but a good parent provides more than what toys can provide- the love and care children needs.


Pet Health Questions - 15 Things Around Your House That Can Kill Your Pet

Many common household items can pose a threat to your pets. Even some items specifically meant for pets could cause health problems. To protect your pet, simply use common sense and take the same precautions you would with a child.

1. Rodent poisons and insecticides are the most common sources of pet poisoning.

2. Antifreeze that contains ethylene glycol has a sweet taste that attracts animals but is deadly if consumed in even small quantities; one teaspoon can kill a seven-pound cat. The HSUS recommends pet owners use a safe antifreeze in their vehicles. Look for antifreeze that contains propylene glycol, which is safe for animals if ingested in small amounts. Ethylene glycol can also be found in common household products like snow globes, so be sure to keep these things out the reach of animals.

3. Cocoa mulch contains ingredients that can be deadly to pets if ingested. The mulch, sold in garden supply stores, has a chocolate scent that is appetizing to some animals.

4. Chemicals used on lawns and gardens, such as fertilizer and plant food, can be easily accessible and fatal to a pet allowed in the yard unsupervised.

5. Cedar and other soft wood shavings, including pine, emit fumes that may be dangerous to small mammals like hamsters and gerbils.

6. Chocolate is poisonous to dogs, cats, and ferrets.

7. De-icing salts used to melt snow and ice are paw irritants that can be poisonous if licked off. Paws should be washed and dried as soon as the animal comes in from the snow. Other options include doggie boots with Velcro straps to protect Fido's feet, and making cats indoor pets.

8. Insect control products, such as the insecticides used in many over-the-counter flea and tick remedies, may be toxic to companion animals. Prescription flea and tick control products are much safer and more effective. Pet owners should never use any product without first consulting a veterinarian.

9. Fumes from nonstick cooking surfaces and self-cleaning ovens can be deadly to birds. Always be cautious when using any pump or aerosol spray around birds.

10. Human medications such as pain killers (including aspirin, acetaminophen, and ibuprofen), cold medicines, anti-cancer drugs, anti-depressants, vitamins, and diet pills can all be toxic to animals. Keep medication containers and tubes of ointments and creams away from pets who could chew through them, and be vigilant about finding and disposing of any dropped pills.

11. Leftovers such as chicken bones easily shatter and can choke a cat or dog. Other human foods to keep away from pets include onions and onion powder; alcoholic beverages; yeast dough; coffee grounds and beans; salt; macadamia nuts; tomato, potato, and rhubarb leaves and stems; avocados (toxic to birds, mice, rabbits, horses, cattle, and dairy goats); and anything with mold growing on it.

12. Poisonous household plants include azalea, geraniums, dieffenbachia (dumb cane), lilies, mistletoe, and philodendron, among others.

13. Rawhide doggie chews may be contaminated with Salmonella, which can infect pets and humans who come in contact with the chews. These kinds of chews should be offered to a pet only with supervision, as they can pose a choking hazard as well.

14. String, yarn, rubber bands, and even dental floss are easy to swallow and can cause intestinal blockages or strangulation.

15. Toys with removable parts like squeaky toys or stuffed animals with plastic eyes can pose a choking hazard to animals. Take the same precautions with pets as you would with a small child.


Tea And Kitchen Play Sets: The Perfect Gift For Your Little Ones

One of the best memories anyone can have of their childhood is that of spending time with friends playing house. This activity is a very good way of encouraging children to use their imagination, and it can indeed be very exciting and enjoyable for them, especially if they have their very own tea and kitchen sets to play with. Children's tea sets and kitchen sets are indeed the perfect toys to use in role-playing games.

Tea sets are especially popular with little girls. In fact, it has become a classic toy and has been the perfect gift for little girls in every generation. Your little girl could practice her social skills and master proper etiquette by playing hostess at tea time with her dolls and teddy bears; or, you could use this as the perfect bonding activity by letting her play hostess to the rest of the family. The good thing is that there are several kinds of tea sets that you can choose from when you buy one as a gift to your child.

The variety of children's tea sets can range from wood to plastic to porcelain. There are even vintage-inspired tea sets that are reminiscent of the time when they were made solely for the use of royalty. Wooden tea sets are perfect for younger children as well as those who are accident-prone because they are very sturdy and unbreakable. For older children, porcelain tea sets with vintage-inspired patterns can be perfect accessories for a truly memorable birthday party. It can even be turned into a very attractive piece of room decor once your little girl becomes too old for role-playing games.

While children's tea sets are more of a little girl's toy, play kitchens can be good toys for both boys and girls. After all, some of the world's best chefs come from the male population! The choices for play kitchen sets can be quite endless. There are kitchen sets that come complete with utensils, pans, and a kettle. There are also those that come with breakfast foods, a fruit and vegetable set, or a sandwich set. Still others include a baking set and a food set with all food groups represented.

If you want your children's role-playing activity to be both fun and educational, it may be best to give them a complete collection of kitchen sets. This way, they will learn not only the basics of cooking and baking, but more importantly, the value of proper nutrition. Take note, though, that there are a few things you need to consider when choosing a tea or kitchen set for your child.

First of all, remember that these products constitute a choking hazard, so you should only buy them for children aged three and up. You also have to make sure that you buy sets that are made with safe materials like latex-free rubber trees (for wooden sets) or poly-porcelain. Finally, you need to check the product description carefully because not all children's tea sets and kitchen sets are meant to hold liquids, whether hot or cold. Most of these sets are for pretend play purposes only and should not be used for any other purpose.


Underground Pet Fences To Help Contain Your Family Pet

Underground pet fences have become a popular alternative to having the family dog chained up for the day. When you own a pet you want to ensure that they remain safe and secure when running around the yard. However, there are some dogs that are masters at escaping and no matter how high the fence is, they will get out. The underground fence is not actually a fence, but a very clever radio signaled containment device.

The underground fence works by transmitting a signal from the cables that are imbedded in the perimeter of the garden. They will be transmitted to the dog's collar ensuring that they do not pass over the cables of the underground animal fences. As the dog approaches the area with the cables, a warning tone that can only be heard from the dog is emitted. If the dog still proceeds to cross the signal is changed into a static shock.

This style of perimeter fence is the perfect solution to dogs that wander, and once they have received the shock a few times they will not cross the underground fence. This style of underground fence is far cheaper than other conventional fences and containment methods. It does not need to be painted, maintained and repaired. Although the underground pet fences are ideal for the perimeter they can also be used in other areas.

Some people worry that the dog will wander into the pool area or vegetable patch. By placing the underground animal fences exactly where the home owner wants they know that the dog will not enter these areas. They are incredibly easy to install and the dog will learn very quickly where they can and cannot go. The underground fence is perfect in areas that insist that dogs have to be contained and will help to prevent wandering, reproductive issues and health concerns.

The underground pet fences are very effective; however, the dog will need some training to ensure they understand why they are receiving this warning. Teaching the dog what to do when they receive the warning tone is important, and they have to be rewarded for backing away from the underground fence. Rewards work far better with dogs rather than punishments and the dog will appreciate the rewards for their good behavior.

The training may take some time and there will be occasions when the dog crosses the underground fences. However, if the training is kept up and the reward scheme implemented, the dog will learn right from wrong. They will understand that they are far better staying in the yard and not wandering off. Once the dog is contained in the yard everyone will relax and know that they are safe and secure.

People love their pets and treat them as one of the family; they will want no harm to come to their favorite dog. By taking the time to install the underground pet fences everyone is kept happy and the neighbors have nothing to complain about. The dog will be kept in the safest place and be far more obedient in the future.


The Better Angels of Our Nature: Why Violence Has Declined

Here is an interesting dichotomy while the speed of the Internet has made our globe just about one big planetary village, it has also made it seem more violent and malevolent, yet it is nothing like that at all.

While not borrowing strictly from the Internet analogy, best-selling author Steven Pinker has debunked the notion that the world is a more violent place in his ground-breaking work.

Putting violence in its historical context, which is essential in an era of smart drones and missiles with their targeted and very limited violence, Pinker's landmark work shows that, ultimately, violence is actually subsiding. Indeed, it has been violence that has marked much of mankind's existence since the first hunter-gatherers stood guard over their prizes, lest another tribe try to run off with the trophy.

That, as much as anything else, has been the hallmark of mankind since the dawn of history. As far back as Nineveh or Gilgamesh (if you are into Biblical studies), you will find that violence was a way of life.

The key books that form the basis of society - even Hammurabi's first Code of Law - attempt to leaven violence and punishment with the need for justice. Yet, they have all had one fatal flaw, if you read them closely: violence is at their basis.

"An eye for an eye," reads the Bible, or a "tooth for a tooth" may look fair on the surface but when you strip away the veneer of justice, you still have the basis of western thought - violence in the defense of justice is okay.

Yet, is it the nature of the world? Author Pinker, whose many graphs and charts prove otherwise, shows that mankind can learn from its mistakes. Indeed, he shows that, at its root, violence or as some have termed it "man's inhumanity to man," has declined over the many millennia that humankind has been living in civilized cities and close quarters. Where once a tribe or or group of fighters could settle everything in an open draw, fighting until the last man standing delivered the news to the King, when you move to a city, you can't do that.

You have to learn to live and let live. As a perfect example, in 15th Century Europe the challenge and acceptance of the same would lead not only to a "legalized" form of murder as the challenged and challenger defended themselves, but then it would open the rest of each clan up to a blood libel that continued the feud for hundreds of years. As the countrified city gave way to the vertical city where people lived elbow to elbow, one had to learn to draw the line somewhere and it was often drawn just because of necessity. You cannot expect a city to grow and prosper if you are constantly going to be involved in feuds and violence. It detracts from the underlying nature of just living.

At its root this is what author Pinker, whose works have also appeared on the New York Time's best-seller list, seems to be saying, although in a more scholarly fashion.

For a scholar, though, Prof. Pinker has a remarkable eye for the ironic and does know how to turn a playful phrase as his research is thorough and his writing is engrossing. He is one of those gifted writers who knows how to explain a topic that would seemingly be the fodder of coffee table books (those that everyone knows something about yet cannot put their finger on exactly what they know) and turns it into an exploration that is enjoyable to take.

He also proves that despite the seeming daily assault of mayhem that the Internet loves to bath us in, the incidents are small and disconnected and no longer part of society as a whole.


Prague Winter: A Personal Story of Remembrance and War, 1937-1948

No one could have known in the winter of 1937 that the world would turn upside-down within months as the Sudetenland and other "German" enclaves were taken over and a young girl - who was Jewish and didn't know it - watched.

This is the story of a woman who would grow to become one of the most powerful people in the world half-a-century later as secretary of the United States. Madeleine Albright, born in Czechosolvakia, at a time when it wasn't healthy to be a Jew anywhere in that area of the world and her parents didn't know of their lineage and assumed they were non-Jews, as did the rest of Prague.

It's a good thing that she was never matched because we would never have had the woman who worked so hard under President Clinton. And, she did work for years.

Her book "Prague Winter" provides an excellent view of the pre-war and post-war periods of Prague as she would escape to London with her parents only to have Hitler's Luftwaffe try to level the city with their nightly raids with medium-ranged bombers.

Albright found out too late about the special camp at Terezin, outside Prague. It was a good thing that she actually found out when she did because it means that her family, though Jewish, weren't "guests" of the Gestapo.

Albright, a bright woman, watched in horror as the bloodbath that was to be the "Holocaust" unfold and there were nothing a young woman could do about it, except watch in sadness as people disappeared, until virtually all Jews were gone.

Albright also watched the rise of the USSR and Soviet Russia as the Russia was "awarded" Czecholsolvakia for its part in World War II.

From her privileged vantage point, Albright was able to watch this happen and it helped to form the opinions she would carry with her for the rest of her working diplomatic career.

A bright student, Albright was destined for greatness and it happened to her. She helped to navigate the reef-infested waters of the world's political scene, holding many lower-level positions and forming the opinions that would guide President Clinton from 1992 to 2000.

It's funny that few would have thought that a young woman from Prague who, only in here older age would find she was a Jew, would also have a lasting hand guiding the tiller of the U.S. Indeed, many of her policies are still in effect.


The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future

America, "land of the free; home of the brave;" where a little effort and effort will propel you to success, witness the Horatio Alger stories of the late 19th century where a poor boy started out with nothing and ended up with everything.

That this was more mythos than anything else as you still needed a leg up to succeed (witness, the invention of the phone by Alexander Graham Bell. His famed "Watson, come here, I need you!" is part of American lore, but what you may not know is that Bell was a scion of the Grovesnor family, one of the country's leading families and he had powerful backing to "invent" the phone in 1879). In the dime novels of the time, Bell was portrayed as a poor inventor trying to create a new means for the deaf to hear.

That dime novel was quite a page-turner and gave Horatio another venue in which he could succeed, but it wasn't really true. Indeed, as Joseph Stiglitz, author of book "The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future", points out more than 40 percent of the country's wealth is held by 1 percent of the country's population. This is setting up a reckless situation where the super-rich, who think nothing of losing a billion or two if the market goes down and gaining the same if the market goes up and who also have the best of health care, best of education and all the other benefits that accrue to great wealth.

The situation is that the 1 percent doesn't realize that it needs the other 99 percent who control the other 60 percent for a very simple reason: the great disparity skews the market as it stifles true capitalism because they have created a situation where the inequality has created an industrialized society that makes a mockery of the law (how many times have you heard the phrase: "He bought his way out of that situation?" If you can afford the best in representation who also knows how to "play" the system, then the chances are good anything that has happened may just disappear).

Right there you have made a mockery of the democratic ideal that "all men are created equal; endowed by... " (as Jefferson put it). The super-rich undermine that ideal just because they control so much money. They also control the means of production and distribution so that the old Horatio Alger stories are nothing but mockeries of life. They aren't real and the super-rich don't really care.

This brings us to Stiglitz's main point which is that in such a society, where democracy and the law may be little more than commodities that can be bought and sold, we have an extreme problem: a society that doesn't care about its poorest and won't fix the problems that are in urgent need for repair. The reason is simple enough, if it is not in the interest of the super-rich, then it's not in society's interest, either. They are, after all, Stiglitz points out, the real arbiters of democracy. Indeed, Stiglitz explains how the regulators become the office boys of the regulated; how the mega-rich work to create conditions where they become richer and when they are caught they expect a bailout from the government, to cover the losses they created.

Stiglitz's solution is a gentle re-regulation of the economy so that the mega-rich contribute again to the economy they control, while the government fixes the underlying problems in the first place. It is a tough balancing act and maybe Stiglitz has it right.


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